Industrial Age

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The Industrial Age or industrial revolution is marked by a process of social and economic change whereby a human society is tranformed from a pre-industrial (with very limited fuel-powered machinery) to an industrial state (with extensive such machinery). The social and economic change is closely intertwined with technological innovation, and is also related to some form of philosophical change, or to a different attitude in the perception of nature.

Pre-industrial economies are those that rely on sustenance standards of living whereby the population focuses collective resources on producing only what can be consumed by the population.

In economics and urban planning, "industrial" can mean an intensive type of land use and economic activity involved with manufacturing and production.