Florida is a state of the southeast United States bordering on the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. It was admitted as the 27th state in 1845. The peninsula was explored by Juan Ponce de León in 1513 and became the center of a Spanish settlement that included the southeast part of the present-day United States. The name "Florida" holds the distinction of being the oldest non-American Indian place name in the United States; coined by de León on April 2, 1513.
Spain finally ceded the area in 1819. Tallahassee is the capital and Jacksonville the largest city. Population: 17,700,000.
- Nickname: Sunshine State / Peninsula State
- Motto: In God We Trust
- State Bird: Mockingbird
- State Flower: Orange blossom (citrus sinensis)
- State Tree: Sabal Palmetto (cabbage palmetto)
- State Song: Suwannee River