If the proposal is rejected, the debtor may have no alternative but to declare personal bankruptcy.
- If the proposal is rejected, the debtor may have no alternative but to declare personal bankruptcy.(More...)
A consumer proposal can only be made by a debtor with debts in excess of $5,000 to a maximum of $75,000 (not including the mortgage on their principal residence). 
BAPCPA also requires individuals seeking bankruptcy relief to undertake credit counseling with approved counseling agencies prior to filing a bankruptcy petition and to undertake education in personal financial management from approved agencies prior to being granted a discharge of debts under either Chapter 7 or Chapter 13.
Notice of closure stuck on the door of a computer store the day after its parent company, Granville Technology Group Ltd, declared "bankruptcy" (strictly, put into administration"see text) in the United Kingdom. Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organizations to pay their creditors. Creditors may file a bankruptcy petition against a debtor ("involuntary bankruptcy") in an effort to recoup a portion of what they are owed.
In the majority of cases, however, bankruptcy is initiated by the debtor (a "voluntary bankruptcy" that is filed by the bankrupt individual or organization).
If debts are greater than $75,000, the proposal must be filed under Division 1 of Part III of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act.
Bankruptcy in Canada is set out by federal law, in the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act and is applicable to businesses and individuals.
Bankruptcy in the United States is a matter placed under Federal jurisdiction by the United States Constitution (in Article 1, Section 8, Clause 4), which allows Congress to enact "uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the United States." Its implementation, however, is found in statute law.
The relevant statutes are incorporated within the Bankruptcy Code, located at Title 11 of the United States Code, and amplified by state law in the many places where Federal law either fails to speak or expressly defers to state law.
The office of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy, a federal agency, is responsible for ensuring that bankruptcies are administered in a fair and orderly manner.
In ancient Greece, bankruptcy did not exist. If a father owed (since only locally born adult males could be citizens, it was fathers who were legal owners of property) and he could not pay, his entire family of wife, children and servants were forced into "debt slavery", until the creditor recouped losses via their physical labour.
The characteristic discharge of debts was introduced to Anglo-American bankruptcy with the statute of 4 Anne ch. 17 in 1705, where the discharge of unpayable debts was offered as a reward to bankrupts who cooperated in the gathering of assets to pay what could be paid.
The most common types of personal bankruptcy for individuals are Chapter 7 and Chapter 13.
In the United Kingdom (UK), bankruptcy (in a strict legal sense) relates only to individuals and partnerships.
In the U.S., bankruptcy fraud statutes are particularly focused on the mental state of particular actions.
A Proposal Administrator is generally a licensed trustee in bankruptcy, although the Superintendent of Bankruptcy may appoint other people to serve as administrators.
Bankruptcy fraud should be distinguished from strategic bankruptcy, which is not a criminal act, but may work against the filer.
While difficult to generalize across jurisdictions, common criminal acts under bankruptcy statutes typically involve concealment of assets, concealment or destruction of documents, conflicts of interest, fraudulent claims, false statements or declarations, and fee fixing or redistribution arrangements.
While bankruptcy cases are always filed in United States Bankruptcy Court (an adjunct to the U.S. District Courts ), bankruptcy cases, particularly with respect to the validity of claims and exemptions, are often highly dependent upon State law.
The debtor in possession runs the day to day operations of the business while creditors and the debtor work with the Bankruptcy Court in order to negotiate and complete a plan.
Some studies of the operation of the credit counseling requirement suggest that it provides little benefit to debtors who receive the counseling because the only realistic option for many is to seek relief under the Bankruptcy Code.
L. No. 109-8, 119 Stat. 23 ( April 20, 2005 ) ("BAPCPA"), substantially amended the Bankruptcy Code.
State law therefore plays a major role in many bankruptcy cases, and it is often not possible to generalize bankruptcy law across state lines.
An increase in bankruptcy cases does not necessarily entail an increase in bad debt write-off rates for the economy as a whole.
In most cases, several months or even years pass between the supply of products on account and the start of respective bankruptcy proceedings.
In Austria, more than half of all bankruptcy proceedings in 2004 were not even opened due to insufficient funding to settle some outstanding amounts.
Many provisions of BAPCPA were forcefully advocated by consumer lenders and were just as forcefully opposed by many consumer advocates, bankruptcy academics, bankruptcy judges, and bankruptcy lawyers.
Falsifications on bankruptcy forms often constitutes perjury. Multiple filings are not in and of themselves criminal, but they may violate provisions of bankruptcy law.
Certain limited information on Bankruptcy Law in Australia can be found at the ITSA web site.
How Bankruptcy Stops Your Creditors: The Automatic Stay After you file for bankruptcy, the automatic stay offers potent legal protection against bill collectors. 
- How Bankruptcy Stops Your Creditors: The Automatic Stay After you file for bankruptcy, the automatic stay offers potent legal protection against bill collectors.(More...)
- The United States trustee and the bankruptcy administrators maintain a list of approved providers list of approved providers.(More...)
- Neither the Bankruptcy Judges Division nor the Administrative Office of the United States Courts can provide legal or financial advice.(More...)
- By an Act of Congress and the President of the United States, we are a federal Debt Relief Agency Debt Relief Agency.(More...)
- Are there times when good people see no way out and file bankruptcy?(More...)
- When is Chapter 13 Bankruptcy a Good Option?(More...)
- Everything you need to know about bankruptcy bankruptcy and how to begin your road to a fresh new life.(More...)
- H.R. 5138, To amend title 11 of the United States Code to provide protection for medical debt homeowners, to restore bankruptcy protections for individuals experiencing economic distress as caregivers to ill or disabled family members, and to exempt from means testing debtors whose financial problems were caused by serious medical problems.(More...)
The new bankruptcy law brings some unwelcome changes for those who are considering bankruptcy. Some filers with higher incomes won't be allowed to use Chapter 7, but will instead have to repay some of their debt under Chapter 13. All debtors will have to get credit counseling before they can file a bankruptcy case.
And, because the law imposes new requirements on lawyers, it may be tougher to find a bankruptcy attorney.
The United States trustee and the bankruptcy administrators maintain a list of approved providers list of approved providers. 
In 2005, the Bankruptcy Code was amended to require that most individual debtors complete a special briefing from an approved credit counseling agency before filing a bankruptcy case. In most states, the United States trustee United States trustee
is responsible for approving the providers that offer this special pre-bankruptcy briefing, and in the six districts located in Alabama and North Carolina, the bankruptcy administrator bankruptcy administrator
assigned to those districts approve them.
Bankruptcy Basics provides basic information to debtors, creditors, court personnel, the media, and the general public on different aspects of the federal bankruptcy laws. It also provides individuals who may be considering bankruptcy with a basic explanation of the different chapters under which a bankruptcy case may be filed and answers some of the most commonly asked questions about the bankruptcy process.
Bankruptcy cases cannot be filed in state court. Bankruptcy laws help people who can no longer pay their creditors get a fresh start by liquidating their assets to pay their debts, or by creating a repayment plan.
Bankruptcy laws also protect troubled businesses and provide for orderly distributions to business creditors through reorganization or liquidation. These procedures are covered under Title 11 of the United States Code (the Bankruptcy Code).
The vast majority of cases are filed under the three main chapters of the Bankruptcy Code, which are Chapter 7 Chapter 7
, Chapter 11 Chapter 11
, and Chapter 13 Chapter 13
Each of the 94 federal judicial districts 94 federal judicial districts
handles bankruptcy matters, and in almost all districts, bankruptcy cases are filed in the bankruptcy court.
Bankruptcy Basics provides basic information to debtors, creditors, court personnel, the media, and the general public on different aspects of the federal bankruptcy laws. It also provides individuals who may be considering bankruptcy with a basic explanation of the different chapters under which a bankruptcy case may be filed and to answer some of the most commonly asked questions about the bankruptcy process.
While the information presented is accurate as of the date of publication, it should not be cited or relied upon as legal authority. It should not be used as a substitute for reference to the United States Bankruptcy Code (title 11, United States Code) and the Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure, both of which may be reviewed at local law libraries, or to local rules of practice adopted by each bankruptcy court. This publication should not substitute for the advice of competent legal counsel.
On April 20, 2005, President Bush signed into law the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005 ("BAPCPA").
Recent passage of the Bankruptcy Prevention and Consumer Protection Act in April 2005 has also resulted in major reforms in bankrupcy law, outlining revised guidelines governing the dismissal or conversion of Chapter 7 liquidations to Chapter 11 or 13 proceedings.
The law also expands the responsibilities of the United States Trustees Program to include supervision of random and targeted audits, certification of entities to provide credit counseling that individuals must receive before filing for bankruptcy, certification of entities that provide financial education to individuals before being discharged from debt, and greater oversight of small business Chapter 11 reorganization cases.
Liquidation involves the appointment of a trustee who collects the non-exempt property of the debtor, sells it and distributes the proceeds to the creditors. Bankruptcy proceedings under Chapters 11, 12, and 13 involve the rehabilitation of the debtor to allow him or her to use future earnings to pay off creditors.
A bankruptcy proceeding can either be entered into voluntarily by a debtor or initiated by creditors. After a bankruptcy proceeding is filed, creditors, for the most part, may not seek to collect their debts outside of the proceeding.
In Rousey v. Jacoway Rousey v. Jacoway
, (April 4th, 2005), the Court held that assets in Individual Retirement Accounts (IRA"s) Individual Retirement Accounts opnbrktIRA���sclsbrkt
are protected under 11 U.S.C " 522(d) and thus exempt from withdrawal from the bankruptcy estate. This decision has broad implications for the baby-boomer generation, providing millions of Americans nearing retirement with increased protection of their earnings.
Various provisions of the Bankruptcy Code also establish the priority of creditors' interests. A recent decision by the Supreme Court has shifted this power towards the debtor.
Bankruptcy law is federal statutory law contained in Title 11 of the United States Code. Congress passed the Bankruptcy Code under its Constitutional grant of authority to "establish. uniform laws on the subject of Bankruptcy throughout the United States." States may not regulate bankruptcy though they may pass laws that govern other aspects of the debtor-creditor relationship.
Bankruptcy proceedings are supervised by and litigated in the United States Bankruptcy Courts United States Bankruptcy Courts
. These courts are a part of the District Courts of The United States.
The United States Trustees The United States Trustees
were established by Congress to handle many of the supervisory and administrative duties of bankruptcy proceedings.
A filing under Chapter 7 is called liquidation. It is the most common type of bankruptcy proceeding.
Proceedings in bankruptcy courts are governed by the Bankruptcy Rules which were promulgated by the Supreme Court under the authority of Congress.
Neither the Bankruptcy Judges Division nor the Administrative Office of the United States Courts can provide legal or financial advice.
Such advice may be obtained from a competent attorney, accountant, or financial adviser. 
Bankruptcy Basics should not substitute for the advice of competent legal counsel or a financial expert.
Most BAPCPA changes apply only to cases filed on or after October 17, 2005. Because the Bankruptcy Judges Division anticipates that there will continue to be a demand for the version of Bankruptcy Basics that describes the pre-BAPCPA bankruptcy process (for cases filed prior to October 17), this page contains links to PDF (print friendly) copies of both the pre-BAPCPA version as well as the current online version of Bankruptcy Basics.
BAPCPA made substantial changes to the Bankruptcy Code. The Bankruptcy Judges Division has made significant revisions to this online version of Bankruptcy Basics to account for BAPCPA's changes to the Code.
By an Act of Congress and the President of the United States, we are a federal Debt Relief Agency Debt Relief Agency.
Attorneys and/or law firms promoted through this web site are also federally designated Debt Relief Agencies. They help people file for relief under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code. 
Don't get down about growing past due balances or creditors calling at all hours, credit card debt or overdue medical bills medical bills. If you take immediate action, you can get help before it's too late! You may qualify for protection under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code that will help you regain control of your financial future.
After you seek bankruptcy protection, the automatic stay immediately stops most creditors from contacting you and collecting on debts.
Learn how Chapter 7 bankruptcy may eliminate most unsecured debts like medical bills, credit card debt, and unsecured personal loans.
All you have to do is pick up the phone and call Total Bankruptcy toll-free, at (877) 349-1309.
If money worries are consuming all of your free time, you might be able to improve your life by filing bankruptcy.
You should know that filing bankruptcy is just one among many options for recovering from financial setbacks.
The most immediate effect felt by filing bankruptcy is the automatic stay automatic stay automatic stay.
At Total Bankruptcy, we know that taking the first step toward regaining control of your finances takes courage.
A local bankruptcy attorney can help you determine whether Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy might be appropriate to your circumstances.
We understand that your choice to file for bankruptcy is a tough decision, and also that all of the forms and procedures you have to go through may be intimidating. If you'd like to speak with a Chicago bankruptcy attorney Chicago bankruptcy attorney, a Charlotte bankruptcy lawyer Charlotte bankruptcy lawyer, or a bankruptcy attorney in Seattle Seattle, Spokane or Tacoma, Total Bankruptcy may be able to help alleviate some of these worries by helping you arrange a local bankruptcy consultation.
The bankruptcy attorneys who sponsor Total Bankruptcy understand that economic factors often drive people to bankruptcy. The vast majority of clients they see are facing huge bills due to unforeseen problems such as serious illness, job loss or divorce. They come to a Madison, Green Bay or Milwaukee bankruptcy lawyer Milwaukee bankruptcy lawyer for help when they're in very difficult circumstances.
Just call us at 1 (877) 349-1309 or fill out our free bankruptcy case evaluation form free bankruptcy case evaluation form, and we'll put you in touch with a bankruptcy lawyer who can help you get relief from your debts.
If you're in Los Angeles Los Angeles, San Diego San Diego, San Jose San Jose or San Francisco San Francisco, there is probably a California bankruptcy lawyer near you who will provide a free consultation and help you determine the best steps to take for you and your family.
To speak with a bankruptcy lawyer in your area, call Total Bankruptcy toll free at (877) 349-1309, or use our online case evaluation form online case evaluation form now to schedule a free consultation.
At Total Bankruptcy, we provide a fast and easy way to find a bankruptcy lawyer bankruptcy lawyer in your area.
For more on the automatic stay, continue reading at Total Bankruptcy or seek information from a bankruptcy lawyer near you.
At Total Bankruptcy, you will find hundreds of pages of bankruptcy information that you can use as a resource for learning more about the U.S. Bankruptcy Code and your legal options.
There are two main options offered by the U.S. Bankruptcy Code for people in financial crises. For others, Chapter 13 bankruptcy Chapter 13 bankruptcy allows the repayment of secured debts like their mortgage debt over time.
Boston bankruptcy attorneys Boston bankruptcy attorneys may be able to protect your property and assets through state exemption laws.
If you decide that bankruptcy is the right option for you, a local bankruptcy attorney local bankruptcy attorney local bankruptcy attorney can help you navigate the process and make sure that all of the technical requirements are met.
All you have to do is call us at 1 (877) 349-1309 or fill out our free bankruptcy case evaluation form.
Simply pick up the telephone or fill out our free bankruptcy case evaluation bankruptcy case evaluation form right now.
A local lawyer can also explain the " automatic stay " provisions of bankruptcy law, and when an automatic stay in bankruptcy will prohibit your creditors from contacting you or taking further action against you.
In just one free consultation with a Detroit bankruptcy lawyer Detroit bankruptcy lawyer, you'll gain information you need to make good decisions about the future.
Take advantage of the resources we've provided to educate yourself, and then don't hesitate to call on a Philadelphia bankruptcy lawyer Philadelphia bankruptcy lawyer and the other who offer free consultations.
Schedule a free consultation with a bankruptcy attorney in Columbus Columbus, Cincinnati, Cleveland or Dayton to learn more.
Despite the many informational resources on bankruptcy, there is no substitute for the advice and guidance of an experienced bankruptcy attorney.
Are there times when good people see no way out and file bankruptcy?
Yes, but I will still talk you out of bankruptcy if given the opportunity. 
Dave Ramsey is changing the face of America by helping people avoid bankruptcy and get on the path to being debt free.
Few people who have been through bankruptcy would report that it is a painless wiping-clean of the slate, after which you merrily trot off into your future to start fresh.
Chapter 7 Bankruptcy, which is total bankruptcy, stays on your credit report for 10 years.
Chapter 13 Bankruptcy, more like a payment plan, stays on your credit report for 7 years.
Bankruptcy is listed in the top 5 life-altering negative events that we can go through, along with divorce, severe illness, disability, and loss of a loved one. I would never say that bankruptcy is as bad as losing a loved one, but it is life-altering and leaves deep wounds both to the psyche and the credit report.
I know from personal experience the pain of bankruptcy, foreclosure, and lawsuits.
Loan applications and many job applications ask if you have ever filed for bankruptcy.
Your Total Money Makeover may involve extensive amputation of stuff, which will be painful, but bankruptcy is much more painful.
If you lie to get a loan because your bankruptcy is very old, technically you have committed criminal fraud. Most bankruptcy cases can be avoided with proper help, such as our certified counselors and the Total Money Makeover.
Bankruptcy is not something I recommend any more than I would recommend divorce.
Truth: Bankruptcy is a gut-wrenching, life-changing event that causes lifelong damage.
When is Chapter 13 Bankruptcy a Good Option?
A Chapter 7 Bankruptcy is what most people think of when you say "Bankruptcy". This bankruptcy deals with unsecured debts. If you are behind on your house or car the chapter 7 will not help you to keep those things. 
Nevada Bankruptcy Attorneys Nevada Bankruptcy Attorneys
can help you choose Chapter 7, Chapter 13 bankruptcy or alternative to help you get effective debt relief.
A Florida Bankruptcy attorney Florida Bankruptcy attorney
will work hard to provide you with the best service and legal representation possible. They are specialized in consumer debt and are highly skilled in all areas of the bankruptcy law.
The bankruptcy is a legal means to deal with creditors, but it creditors have rights too.
Can Bankruptcy Improve My Credit Score? Filing a Bankruptcy may improve your credit if you have bad credit.
What to NOT do before Filing Bankruptcy What to NOT do before Filing Bankruptcy
Before filing a bankruptcy there are some things that you don't want to do.
There are many convenient locations to make filing bankruptcy or learning about the alternatives we offer, even easier.
Contact one of our California bankruptcy California bankruptcy
offices in Sacramento, San Diego, Los Angeles or Bakersfield to discuss your possible case.
A bankruptcy lawyer will be committed to getting you debt relief and providing you with valuable information, services and advice to get you a better financial future.
Let a personal bankruptcy lawyer personal bankruptcy lawyer
help you get the relief that you need and deserve.
The two most common consumer bankruptcies are Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 bankruptcy. Sponsoring bankruptcy lawyers handle these types of bankruptcies exclusively so you can be sure you are getting accurate legal advice when you file bankruptcy file bankruptcy
To have a bankruptcy lawyer in your area evaluate your financial situation, click the Free Evaluation button.
Texas bankruptcy lawyers Texas bankruptcy lawyers
are experienced attorneys in Dallas Dallas
, Fort Worth Fort Worth
, Houston Houston
and many other locations to serve you.
Bankruptcy attorneys Bankruptcy attorneys
fight the aggressive and annoying creditors for you. They can help you keep your home, vehicles and other property.
If you need debt advice in Ohio Ohio
, let a Cincinnati or Columbus bankruptcy attorney give you the answers you are searching for.
New York bankruptcy attorneys New York bankruptcy attorneys
know the complicated bankruptcy laws well. Let them walk you through the process and be on your way to a better tomorrow.
Everything you need to know about bankruptcy bankruptcy and how to begin your road to a fresh new life. 
Our Bankruptcy Resource Center Bankruptcy Resource Center
offers detailed information about the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act and the Fair Credit Reporting Act.
The bankruptcy center also offers helpful links regarding debt consolidation, rebuilding your credit report, rebuilding your credit report,
bankruptcy articles and personal finance, bankruptcy articles and personal finance,
glossary of terms and a friendly lenders list.
Helping consumers filing bankruptcy filing bankruptcy
is Legal Helpers' area of expertise.
Legal Helpers is a debt relief agency helping people to file for bankruptcy relief under the bankruptcy code.
Our bankruptcy lawyers bankruptcy lawyers
can give you the immediate debt protection you need now plus help you find the best path to a financially stable future.
To find a bankruptcy lawyer near you, review our bankruptcy law office locations bankruptcy law office locations
The firm's bankruptcy attorneys only handle Chapter 7 Chapter 7
and Chapter 13 Chapter 13
bankruptcy cases. Clients know their work is being handled by some of the most experienced bankruptcy attorneys bankruptcy attorneys
in the country.
Free Consultations! Bankruptcy attorneys answer the phones six days a week and evenings.
H.R. 5138, To amend title 11 of the United States Code to provide protection for medical debt homeowners, to restore bankruptcy protections for individuals experiencing economic distress as caregivers to ill or disabled family members, and to exempt from means testing debtors whose financial problems were caused by serious medical problems.